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I regard this information on breast cancer screening as amongst the most important I have written about over the years. Please take time to read it carefully.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) commission last year concluded that ‘early stage cancers’ such as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) should not be regarded as cancers, but benign or indolent growths and that millions of women were wrongly diagnosed with ‘breast cancer’.
In an attempt to quantify the benefits and harms of screening mammography Welch et al. came to the following conclusions:
Among 1 000 US women age 50 years who are screened annually for a decade, 0.3 to 3.2 will avoid a breast cancer death, 490 to 670 will have at least one false alarm, and three to 14 will be overdiagnosed and treated needlessly.
They conclude by saying that they hoped that these facts would help women to make a decision ‘either to feel comfortable about their decision to pursue screening or to feel equally comfortable about their decision not to pursue screening’.1
There are more than 100 different forms of arthritis of which osteoarthritis is the most common. This article focuses on its causes, treatment options and preventive measures against further joint damage.
Osteoarthritis is an increasingly common disorder in both men and women.1 It is mainly a chronic disorder associated with age due to general wear and tear, resulting in stiff, swollen and painful joints, and inflammation.2 There is a plethora of analgesics and anti-inflammatories available to deal with the symptoms, and many surgical devices and invasive techniques are available for its management.3 What is generally overlooked, however, is that there are numerous natural measures which are able to alleviate the pain and mobility problems of osteoarthritis and inhibit further progress of the disorder. These are well tolerated even over the long haul, and they often involve lifestyle changes that benefit the patient in other ways.4
‘My grandmother started walking five miles a day when she was sixty. She’s ninety-seven now, and we don’t know where she is.’ ˜Ellen DeGeneres
According to Hippocrates, walking is the best medicine. Walking is one of the least expensive and most broadly accessible forms of physical activity. Studies have shown that walking has higher levels of adherence than other forms of physical activity, possibly because it is convenient and overcomes many of the commonly perceived barriers to physical activity: lack of time, lack of fitness and lack of skill. You don’t need to concentrate on the walking itself, leaving you free to enjoy your surroundings, chat or think. At the same time, you can enjoy a variety of surroundings as you walk in different places and different seasons.1
The skin is the body’s largest organ and acts as a sponge, absorbing approximately 60% of what is put on it. To ensure good health and well-being avoid skin care products that contain toxic ingredients.
Through the application of a large variety of beauty and skin care products we expose our skian, and body, to a large number of ingredients – many of which have not been tested for their long-term effects. Many of the products that we apply consist of ingredients that are toxic, without us even knowing.
With our ongoing drought, food prices continue to rise. Now is a good time to create a herb garden as these plants are undemanding, inexpensive, nutritious and have health benefits to boot. Bridget Kitley answers frequently asked questions on how to plant the perfect herb garden.
Herb gardens can be planted at any time of the year. Some herbs can be used to create borders, some can be used as fillers – any design is possible and it makes sense to plant a garden where everything growing has a use.
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